Saturday, July 23, 2005

Reuben Theophilus Jenkins



Reuben Theophilus Jenkins Born: Dec 12 1853, Blount Co Alabama Died April 27 1920 Durango Colorado married Hannah Eliza Kelso March 18, 1887. Born April 29, 1859 Died May 12, 1927 Buried Oak Grove Cemetary, Polk Co. Arkansas

Monday, March 14, 2005

JENKINS AMERICAN ANCESTRY


Jenkins American Ancestry
Assembled by Troy L. Holcombe

Jenkins derives from the Dutch version of John, "Jen." "Kins" means "son of" or "family of." The name John has always been a popular biblical name in Christendom and it appears in every country in western Europe. Variations of the Dutch version of the name include Jenkin, Jenks, Jenke, Jenking, Jenkings, Jenkyn, Jenkyns, Jenkyn, and Junkin. Probably Flemings, among whom the name Jen was common, infiltrated England from Holland early and often during the Norman period, when Flanders was a province of the English Kings. Flemings were well represented among the Norman invaders in 1066, owing to the fact that William the Conqueror married Matilda, daughter of Baldwin V Count of Flanders. So there was a Flemish element which spread about England following the invasion, as the victors took title to their new lands and brought their retainers/ employees with them. Also skilled Flemish weavers were offered employment in certain districts of England and Wales, assisting the English in developing a textile industry to rival that of Holland and Flanders. When surnames were required, the name Jenkins cropped up in multiple locations. According to the Oxford Dictionary of English Surnames, the name appeared in Oxford (1260), Chester (1288), Staffordshire (1327), Sussex (1296), Worcestershire (1327), Dorset (1297), Somerset (1327), Yorkshire (1469), and Essex (1530). By the 1500s Jenkins was a common English surname.
When the curtain rises on our earliest known Jenkins ancestors, they were living in Essex, in or near the village of Purleigh. It was and still is a tiny country village in the flat, rich farmlands of East Anglia. In the late 1500s-early 1600s the church at Purleigh was Anglican (All Saints Church). We may surmise that they were members of this church, since Nicholas Jenkins was buried there. Nicholas’ wife worked in one of the local manor houses.
Lawrence Washington, English ancestor of George Washington, and son of Lawrence Washington of Brington, was Rector of All Saints Church in Purleigh from 1623 to 1643. His family owned Sulgrave Manor in Northampton, where Lawrence was born in 1601. Lawrence married Amphyllis Twigden in Purleigh in December of 1633. Disaster struck the Washingtons during the Cromwellian era in the 1640s, when Lawrence was suspected of Royalist sentiments. Sulgrave Manor was confiscated, and Lawrence was removed from his vicarage, which carried a considerable stipend, and placed in a smaller, poorer church at Brixham. He and his wife died paupers in the early 1650s.

Lawrence Washington’s son John, one of several, was born in Purleigh in 1633. Later, in 1655, single, his parents dead, and with nothing to lose, he became a partner in an import-export business, and ferried goods across the Atlantic in both directions for three years. He settled in Virginia after making an advantageous marriage to Anne Pope in Westmoreland Co, Va, 1 Dec 1658, and they received a gift of 700 acres from her father Lieutenant Colonel Nathaniel Pope. Anne died in 1667 in Westmoreland Co, Va. John died in 1676 in Washington, Westmoreland, VA, at 43 years of age. It is likely that our Jenkins ancestors knew the Washingtons in Purleigh, but it is unlikely that the two families closely associated.

The Jenkins were in the employ of the Horsmandens upon arrival in America, and probably before that in England. The situation became difficult in England when the Horsmanden estates were jeopardized during the Cromwellian revolution. Nicholas Jenkins and family emigrated to America in 1657. Once in Virginia Nicholas and Ann Jenkins worked for Colonel Warham Horsmanden, who had come to Virginia in about 1649. The Horsmandens Virginia estate was in Charles City County, so it is safe to assume that the first home of the Jenkins was there. Charles City County is on the north bank of the James River a short distance upriver from Jamestown and Williamsburg.

The Horsmandens were East Anglia gentry with estates at Ulcomb and Lenham, Kent, and Purleigh, Essex. Warham Horsmanden was born in 1628 in Ulcomb, Kent, married in London, and had a son which accompanied him to Virginia, Daniel Horsmanden. His first wife died prior to his emigration to Virginia. Warham married for the second time in Williamsburg VA to Susannah Beeching, who was born in 1627 at Lenham in Kent. Warham was a member of the Governor’s Council during the 1650s. Like many of the first families of Virginia, they looked after their interests on both sides of the Atlantic. They ultimately returned to England following royal restoration in 1660. Warham and his wife Susannah Beeching died at Purleigh and were buried there about 1691. Their daughter Maria in 1673 married Colonel William Byrd, of London England and Westover, Charles City County, VA. Maria and William founded the renown Byrd dynasty of Virginia. There is no evidence that the Horsmanden name survived in Virginia.

Once their work contract was completed, Virginia provided freedom and a new life for Nicholas and Ann Jenkins and family. It was not a coincidence that the Jenkins finally settled in Westmoreland County on the Northern Neck of Virginia. The Horsmandens were related to Thomas Lord Culpeper, Proprietor of the Northern Neck of Virginia, and his son Alexander, Surveyor General of Virginia. Before 1675 the Jenkins had settled not far from the present village of Hague, Virginia, and they were likely neighbors of the Garners. Nicholas and Ann Jenkins’ son John and daughter Ann both married Garner siblings.

An interesting side note: in the American melting pot, the Jenkins soon became not-so-distant relatives of the Horsmandens, the Culpepers, the Fairfaxes, and the Washingtons, through their marriages to the Garners. Much later this kinship was reinforced through the marriage of James William Jenkins to Laura Jane Terry. Also note: Janis Holcombe traces descent from the common ancestors of all these folks.

There is a place called Jenkins Landing, up the Rappahannock River in Essex County, just a few miles above Tappahannock, and not far from Westmoreland County. In early colonial Virginia, there were few towns, let alone cities, but farms and estates lined the navigable tidewater rivers, and many of their names preserve the names of the earliest English settlers.

Nicholas Jenkins and family were among the early immigrants to Virginia, richest and most populous of the English colonies. By the time they arrived tobacco was king. Working a farm was an isolated and dangerous business, and amenities such as schools, churches, towns, and medical facilities were few to non-existent. Trading boats came twice a year to pick up tobacco and other commodities such as lumber. These items were ferried to a central point and shipped straight to England.

Nicholas Jenkins and family entered an already established community in America which essentially replicated that found in much of rural England. By 1650 the new land would not have seemed like a foreign country to the incoming Virginia settlers; and the language, ideas, and technology brought with these settlers became the dominant culture for the Chesapeake region and eventually for all of southern Anglo-America. They and their descendants became professional pioneers out of necessity, and the tendency toward a rural, self-sufficient lifestyle; and successive migrations to "frontier" areas in search of opportunities and lands persisted to the twentieth century. Today no close or emotional ties to the "old country" survive. On the other hand, they were, as we are, thoroughly familiar with English folkways, social organization, idiomatic expressions, and customs, which have been passed from generation to generation and are known to those having long-term English roots.

Sources:
1) Joe and Deena Jenkins, Ada OK – Genealogical information from Rolly Jenkins to Nellie Jenkins Holcombe: names, dates, advice and corrections.
2) Marilyn Jenkins, Tyler TX – Genealogical information from Nicholas Jenkins to Rolly Jenkins.
3) Names and dates from Reuben Theophilus Jenkins’ family bible, which was in the possession of Reuben Theophilus’ son Reuben (Bert) in the 1980s.
4) Clarence E. Kelso (1859-1939), Escanaba MI and others – Kelso history in Scotland and America published on the internet by Joseph A. Kelso in 1999.
5) Various sources, Familysearch.com and ancestry.com – verification of names and dates and additional details, places, and associations. Genealogical information on distaff lines back to the year 1066 and beyond. Information on the Garners, Tidwells, Warrens, Ratliffs, and Terrys.
6) Nolia McGill, Huffman TX (deceased) – letters on the Terry family written in the 1960s by the last surviving sibling of Laura Jane Terry.
7) Various sources on the internet – information on the Washingtons and the Horsmandens who lived at Purleigh and reconstruction of historical setting. There is much more information available on the Washingtons, whose genealogy has been extensively researched.
8) Elizabeth Weir McPherson – "The Holcombes, Nation Builders," a book on Holcombe genealogy published in the 1950s.
9)Linda Coulter – genealogy of the Holcombe, Stewart and Montgomery lines, carefully researched and published on the internet.
10) Brian C. Tompsett, Hull UK - royal genealogy website.

Nicholas Jenkins
Born: ~1595 in England
Died: Feb 28 1630/31, buried at All Saints Church, Purleigh, Malden District, Essex Co England (unmarked grave)
Father:
Mother:
Married to: Clemency _________, b. 1599
Children: Joan (1621), Nicholas (1623-1673), Thomas (1625)

Clemency was apparently housekeeper for the manor house of Purleigh (probably owned by the Horsmandens). The village and manor of Purleigh are located about 3 miles south of the town of Maldon in Essex, about 35 miles ENE of the center of London and about an hours’ train ride from the Liverpool Street Station.

Nicholas Jenkins
Born: about 1623 Purleigh, Essex Co EnglandDied: about 1673 VAFather: Nicholas Jenkins
Mother: Clemency _________, b. 1599 Purleigh, Essex, England
Married to: Ann________ , b. 1628, England, d. 1677 in VA
Children: Ann (1656, England), Mary, John (1658, Virginia), Elizabeth (1660, Virginia)

Nicholas immigrated to Virginia from England with his family, the two Anns, about 1657. They came to America under pre-arranged work contracts.

John Jenkins
Born: about 1658 in Virginia
Died: 1717 probably Westmoreland Co VA
Father: Nicholas Jenkins
Mother: Ann _________
Married to: 1) Martha Garner about 1694, b. 1664 Westmoreland Co VA, d. about 1729, dau.of John Garner and Susannah Keene
Children: Ezekiel (1699-1750), Thomas (1702-1745), William (1704-1747), James (1706-1782), John (1708-1773), Samuel (1710-1757)

John Jenkins is the first Jenkins born in America, only one or two years after the journey from England. Both of his parents were dead by the time he was 19 years of age. All John’s children were born in Westmoreland County. Martha was born at her family’s home in Westmoreland County. Martha Garner was descended from gentry of Suffolk and East Anglia, and one line leads to the De Vere family of Hedingham Essex (The eleventh Earl of Oxford Richard De Vere is a common ancestor of Troy L. Holcombe and Janis O. Holcombe). Several lines lead to Edward III Plantagenet, King of England, who was also a common ancestor of Troy and Janis Holcombe. Below is one such line:

King of England Edward III Plantagenet (1312-1377) Philippa of Hainault (1311-1369) Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England and Valenciennes, Hainault
Duke of Gloucester Duke of Aumale Earl of Buckingham Earl of Essex Thomas Plantagenet (1355-1397) Eleanor de Bohun (1366-1399) Woodstock Palace, Oxford, England and Hereford, England
5th Earl of Stafford Edmund Stafford (1377-1403) Anne Plantagenet (1383-1438) Stafford, England
1st Duke of Buckingham and 6th Earl of Stafford Humphrey Stafford (1402-1460) Anne de Neville (1405-1480) Stafford, England and Raby Castle, Durham, England
William Stafford (~1424-) Elizabeth Wrottesley (1426-) Stafford, England
Sir George De Vere (1452-) Margaret Stafford (~1455-) Camps Castle Cambridgeshire
Anthony Wingfield (~1485-) Elizabeth De Vere (~1492-) Leatheringham, Suffolk
William Naunton (1510-) Elizabeth Wingfield (1512-) Otley and Leatheringham, Suffolk
Robert Gosnold (1534-1615) Ursula Naunton (1550-1615) Otley Suffolk
Thomas Keene (1570-) Elizabeth Gosnold (1560-) Otley, Suffolk
Thomas Keene (1593-1663) Mary Tharley (1620-1662) Northumberland County VA
Thomas b. Suffolk
John Garner (1647-1702) Susannah Keene (1646-1716) Westmoreland County VA
John was b. in Shrewsbury, Shropshire and Susannah was b. in
Kent I. Or St. Marys City, MD
John’s parents were Thomas Garner (1610-) nd MaryLacye (1613-) both b. Canterbury, Kent
John Jenkins (1658-1717) Martha Garner (1664-1752) Westmoreland County VA
William Jenkins
Born: Westmoreland Co VA about 1704
Died: 1747 Fairfax Co. VA
Father: John Jenkins
Mother: Martha Garner
Married to: Mary Ballenger
Children: Elizabeth, Samuel, William (1738), Job

William and family moved to Fairfax County from Westmoreland Co. shortly after 1715, when lands became available from Lord Fairfax. They arrived about 25 years before George Washington moved to Fairfax County to the estate of his half brother Lawrence, who had married a Fairfax. The Jenkins family moved to a place called Pimmit Run. Pimmit Run is located in present McLean Virginia site of the Central Intelligence Agency. Pimmit Run empties into the Potomac at Chain Bridge. This location is about 20 miles upstream from Mount Vernon and 5 miles upstream from the head of navigation on the Potomac. Nothing is known about Mary Ballenger, but the surname is lowland Scots.

William Jenkins
Born: about 1738 at Pimmit Run, Fairfax Co VA
Died: before 26 Jun 1787 Goshen Hill, Union District SC
Father: William Jenkins
Mother: Mary Ballenger
Married to: Catherine Tidwell, b. about 1737 at Cople Parish, Westmoreland Co VA, d. after 1810 in Goshen Hill, Union District SC
Children: Charles (1859), Randle (1760), William (1762) (b. at Pimmit Run, Fairfax Co VA), Panalapa (1764), Jessey (1765), Samuel (1767), Sebenlon (1771), Rolly (1773), Lusha (1775), Catherine (1777), Elizabeth (1780), Mearada (1786), Thomas (1786)

Catherine Tidwell was from Westmoreland County, which suggests that there were Jenkins family members still living in Westmoreland County, such that William had the occasion to visit there. Catherine Tidwell was the daughter of Robert Tidwell, b. 1690 Cople Parish, Westmoreland Co. VA, m. 1718 Westmoreland Co VA, d. 29 Jul 1761, Cople Parish, Westmoreland Co VA; and Hannah Carr, b. before 1702 Cople Parish, Westmoreland Co VA, d. about 1761 Cople Parish, Westmoreland Co VA. Cople Parish was in southeastern Westmoreland County and the name survives! There is a Cople Elementary School in Hague, Virginia. There is a place called "Tidwells" on one of the tidewater creeks leading in from the Potomac.
The Tidwells were descended from English country folk and their known genealogy goes back to Staffordshire England, and includes Marshes, Carrs, and Barnetts. The name was altered in Virginia from Tiddeswall to Tidwell.

William and family made the move from northern Virginia to Goshen Hill, Union District (upper South Carolina) probably shortly after the Revolutionary War but before 1787, and following the "Piedmont trail" of people leaving the Old Dominion in search of new land and new opportunities. Whether William served in the Continental Army or the Virginia Militia is not known. His oldest sons may have participated in later events of the Revolutionary War. It is not known whether the oldest surviving son stayed on in Fairfax County to inherit land. At this time new land was available for settlement in the Piedmont area of North and South Carolina.

It was a very large family which moved to Goshen Hill SC, and as they grew up they dispersed to other areas of upper SC and adjoining states.

Rolly Jenkins Born: April 27, 1773 at Pimmit Run, Fairfax Co VA
Died: Some time after 1830?
Father: William Jenkins
Mother: Catherine Tidwell
Married to: 1) Susannah Pelham, 2) unknown
Children: 1) Reuben, Owen, Vincent, Simson, Meredith, Amanda M., Pleasant, Allis R., 2) Luther, Glynn, L. M., Reuben, others?

At the age of about 10 years Rolly moved from VA to Goshen Hill, Union District SC with his family, including father William and mother Catherine Tidwell, probably after 1783. Nothing is known about Susannah Pelham except that the surname is English.

Reuben Jenkins
Born: Nov. 28, 1795 in Union/Greenville District SC
Died: About 1862 Blount Co AL
Father: Rolly Jenkins
Mother: Susannah Pelham
Married to: Melinda_______, b. 1807 in TN, d. 1872-1876 Blount Co AL
Children: Jamison C., Richard, Zilla (Long), Willis C., Catherine Sewellen (Sims), Susannah (Bullington), Melissa (Kennedy), Lucinda (Morgan), Louis Madison (L.M.)

Reuben moved to Benton Co now Calhoun Co AL in the early 1830s. He and his family, his father Rolly and family, and grandfather William (??) were listed in the 1830 census of Greenville Co SC. There was a story told by Grandma Jenkins (Hannah Eliza Kelso) about two brothers who scouted areas of Alabama with the help of an Indian guide, prior to settlement. It is not clear whether this is a Jenkins story or a Kelso story. Reuben was a Justice of the Peace in Old Benton County as of 1847. Some time after 1849 he apparently purchased land near the village of Summit in Blount Co AL and moved to that area with son Louis Madison and wife. Disposing of his estate lasted from 1863 to 1879 and consumed most of the proceeds.

Louis Madison (L. M.) Jenkins
Born: 1832 in Alabama, probably Benton Co. now Calhoun Co or in Greenville Co SC
Died: 1863
Father: Reuben Jenkins
Mother: Melinda _______
Married to: Elizabeth (Milley) Renfro, May 4 1849, in Calhoun Co AL (note: marriage record erroneously says she married Reuben Jenkins)
Children: Reuben Theophilus, William (born 1860) {Troy Holcombe note.}
On several occasions my mother mentioned "Uncle Will," but I never met him nor knew where he lived or anything about his immediate family. According to Joe Jenkins, William was born in 1860 (probably in Blount County AL) and his mother Elizabeth Renfro died the same year. So it appears that he never knew his mother. His brother Reuben Theophilus was seven years old. Their father Louis Madison died in 1863 and was in the 48th Alabama Infantry, so he may have been a war casualty. At any rate the boys were orphaned and according to Joe Jenkins were brought up by their grandmother Melinda (Millie) Jenkins until she died after 1870. Who the boys lived with if anyone after that date is unknown. Joe says the boys lived in Texas by 1877, but this doesn't jive because we know that Reuben Theophilus was married (first marriage) in 1874 in Blount County AL, and he and second wife Hannah did not move from Alabama to Texas until about 1890. At any rate, my mother did mention that Reuben Theophilus and Will were unhappy with the way they were treated by some of their family. This is all the information I have. I had thought the boys were raised by grandmother Renfro, but apparently they were raised by grandmother Jenkins (grandmother Renfro lived in TN and later moved to MO). The most likely scenario' concerning Reuben Theophilus and Will's problem with their family, is not that they were mistreated by their grandmother Jenkins, but that they and their grandmother Melinda Jenkins, a widow after 1862 with two boys to raise, were not adequately provided for by either the Jenkins family or the Renfro family. The brothers and sisters of Louis Madison, their father, apparently fought for years over grandfather Reuben Jenkins' estate after he died in 1862, and widow Melinda, his wife, may have lost out in the process, even though she was a needy person and should have inherited half. It is worthy of note that later Reuben Theophilus did not hesitate to name a daughter after his grandmother Melinda.

Louis Madison (L. M.) and family were destined to go through the Civil War, but how the war affected them is not known though it must have been severe. The Blount County census of 1860 (per Joe and Deena Jenkins) shows him on the roster of the 48th Alabama Infantry. He may have been a Civil War casualty. Apparently Milley died about 1860 or shortly thereafter, leaving two boys, Reuben Theophilus and William, reportedly raised by their grandmother Renfro, but this is not certain.

Elizabeth (Millie) Renfro was born in 1826 in Madison, Tennessee, the daughter of Absalom Renfro and Mary Ann Penn. Renfros were in Kentucky by 1780 and Lewis Renfro, Absalom’s father, was married in Scott Co KY in 1802. There is confusion about exactly what the route the Renfros took between Scotland and America. Lewis was born in Virginia in 1775, and his family had arrived in Virginia by 1702. Other surnames were Harris and Cheney.

There is a strong tradition, unverified, that these Virginia Renfros are descended from a French Presbyterian named James Baron Renfro who came to America, probably Newcastle, Delaware, in the mid 1600s. The story is that this James Baron Renfro was descended from James Stuart, Baron Renfrew, and later Earl of Moray and Regent of Scotland, oldest son of James V Stuart, King of Scotland, and half-brother of Mary Queen of Scots. He spent time in France on a number of occasions as a young man, and it is thought that he had a French wife and French family. It’s an interesting story but is it true? – it’s probably impossible to verify.
The barony of Renfrew, associated with the Shire and City of Renfrew in Scotland, has been held by the crown of Scotland since the early 1400s, and passes to the King’s oldest son by inheritance. The title was passed to James V’s grandson, who later became James VI of Scotland, James I of England. The title is presently held by Charles Windsor, Prince of Wales, heir to the throne of England.

Mary Ann Penn’s family came from an area of Rowan County NC settled in the mid-1700s by Scotch Irish, Quakers and Germans, mostly from Pennsylvania. Her grandfather, Richard Penn, is listed in the 1790 census of Rowan County. A couple of genealogists have made Mary Ann a descendant of William Penn (founder of Pennsylvania), but this is not true. However, she was descended from a William Penn cousin, as follows.

DESCENDANTS OF WILLIAM PENN and MARGARET RASTELL
William Penn (1548-1610) Bristol, England; Margaret Rastell (1550-) Bristol, EnglandGeorge Penn (1582-1632) Birdham, Sussex, England; Elizabeth (1587-) Birdham, Sussex, England
William Penn (1609-1669) Penns Lodge, Gloucester, England; Elizabeth Markham (1634-) England
John Penn (1660-) Penns Lodge, Gloucester, England; Lucy Granville (1673-1719) England
Joseph Penn (1717-1774) Caroline Co VA; Mary Taylor (1718-1757) Rapidan, Orange Co VAJohn Penn (1736- 1780) Caroline Co VA; Elizabeth Munson (1734-) Virginia
Richard Penn (1763-1803) Rowan Co NC; Catherine Moulder (1768-) Yadkin River Dist. Rowan Co NC
William Penn (1786-1873) Yadkin River Dist. Rowan Co NC; Elizabeth Snider (1791-) Rowan Co NC
Absalom Renfro (1806-1875) CrabOrchard, Lincoln Co KY; Mary Ann Penn (1808-1895) Grainger Co TN
Louis Madison Jenkins (1832-1865) Old Benton (Calhoun) Co AL; Elizabeth Renfro (1826-) Madison TN

William Penn (1548-1610) Bristol, England; Margaret Rastell (1550-) Bristol, England
Captain Giles Penn (1575-1641) Birdham, Sussex, England; Joanne Gilbert (1580-) England
Admiral Sir William Penn (1621-1670) Bristol, England; Margaret Jasper van der Schuren (1620-) Rotterdam, Netherlands
William Penn, Founder of Pennsylvania (1644-1718) London, England; Guglielma Maria Springett (1650-) London, England

On the German side she is descended from Germans from Alsace, Bavaria, and Prussia, some coming to North Carolina by way of Lancaster PA. Surnames include, Snider (Schneider), Hedrick (Heydrich), Hege, Frey, Blinn, Faust, Weber, Thies, and Muller.
Reuben Theophilus Jenkins Born: Dec 12 1853 in Blount Co Alabama
Died: Apr 27 1920 Durango CO buried in cemetery there (1. note)
Father: Louis Madison Jenkins
Mother: Elizabeth (Milley) Renfro
Married to: (1) Sarah F. Murphree or Murphy, Nov 3 1874 (Feb 19 1856 - Jul 1886), (2) Hannah Eliza Kelso Mar 18 1887 (Apr 29 1859 - May 12 1927) (buried in Oak Grove Cemetery, Polk CO AR).
Children: (1) Louis Madison (Nov 29 1875 – Nov 1947), Sarah Elizabeth (Jul 28 1879 – Nov 9 1967), Margaret J. (May 8 1882 – Oct 1885), William A. (May 16 1885 – Jul 1886); (2) James William (Feb 19 1888 – Jun 16 1948), Melinda Ann (Jul 3 1890 – 1977), Mary Magdalene (Oct 13 1891 – Oct 1972), Nannie Novera (Feb 27 1894 – Jan 16 1973), Richard Franklin (Dec 4 1896 – Oct 31 1929), Frances Emaline (Dec 4 1896 – Mar 1969), Reuben Theophilus (Jun 22 1901 – in California about 1990)

Reuben Theophilus was raised by Grandmother Renfro apparently after the untimely death of mother Milley about 1860. He was too young to go off to war. First wife Sarah Murphree died after twelve years of marriage. Reuben Theophilus and second wife Hannah Eliza, with Louis Madison, Sarah Elizabeth, and James William, moved from near Summit, Blount Co AL to near Whitehouse, Smith Co TX, probably about 1889, following the birth of James William but before the birth of Malinda Ann. They must have moved around a bit but lived near Whitehouse TX for a number of years, where their children went to school. He bought a farm near Cleburne about 1907, sold out and went to area west of Wickes, Polk Co AR about 1912. He was a school teacher in earlier years. He died of pneumonia a few days following being stranded for three days on the Rio Grande Southern narrow gauge railway train in Cumbres Pass between Antonito and Durango CO during a heavy snowstorm.(2) Hannah called him "Ruby" which he could have done without. Son Reuben did not like his name and eventually managed to be called "Bert."

Hannah Eliza was born in 1859 near Summit in Blount Co Alabama, daughter of James Kelso; and Cynthia Nesmith of Alabama, whose family may have emigrated to Blount Co AL from TN. The Nesmith family apparently came from Scotland. Hannah’s brothers were John and Sherman; her half brothers and sisters were William, Annie, Fanny, and Archie. Her father James Kelso, and an older brother or half-brother, saw service in the Civil War as Confederates. James apparently sustained a severe arm injury.

Hannah Eliza Kelsoe had occasional severe migraine headaches. Conditions were severe after the Civil War in reconstruction Alabama. There were food shortages, they were hungry much of the time, and had no money. She was a hard worker, had no formal education, was illiterate until she learned to read at about age 50 using the old blue-backed speller. She moved back to Arkansas after staying for a while in Durango. She died about 1928, and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery west of Wickes.

James Kelso was born in 1824 in Blount Co AL, son of William Kelso, b. 1795 in KY, and Naomi Jett. The first American ancestors appear to be John and Polly Kelsoe. John was born in Scotland in 1702, and apparently fought in the English/ Scottish war over the "Bonny Prince Charley" Stuart succession. Afterward he probably moved to Ireland, and in 1748 he and his wife definitely emigrated to America. They landed in Maryland and settled in Augusta Co., VA, near Brownsburg Post Office, about midway between Staunton and Lexington.

Contrary to some reports, the town of Kelso in Roxburgh, Scotland was not where the Kelsos lived. Kelso is where an abbey was founded in 1124 by Madach de Chalchou, third Earl of Alclyde (Alcluyd). The Kelsoes (Chalchous), for over 500 years Earls of Alclyde, descended from a long line of Scottish Celtic barons, and were a true Scottish highlander family. Chalchou, a place name, is the Gaelic name for "chalk cliff." Kelso is the anglicized surname. They long resided at Dumbarton on the Clyde Estuary, near their estates in Ayrshire, but later they resided at Largs. Later Earls also bore the title "Lord of Kelsoland." Archibald Kelso lost the earldom and a seat in Parliament not long after he married a Ruthven. The Ruthvens got the family in trouble after participating in a failed plot in 1601 to murder King James VI.

James William Jenkins
Born: Feb 19 1888 Blountsville Blount Co AL
Died: Jun 16 1948 Wickes Polk Co AR, buried in Oak Grove Cemetery
Father: Reuben Theophilus Jenkins
Mother: Hannah Eliza Kelso
Married to: (1) Laura Jane Terry, (2) Rosa Cagle
Children: (1) Nolan, Nellie, Newman, Neal, Neva, Nora; (2) Norman, Nettie

James William was named after his Kelso grandfather and great-grandfather. He came to Texas from Summit, Alabama with his family, as a small child. They may have lived near Waco before settling for a while near Whitehouse, Smith County TX, where James William went to school and later was married to Laura Jane Terry. Following marriage they lived in several locations including Swan Smith Co TX, Cleburne TX, and Ponder TX. About 1915, the young family moved to west of Wickes, Polk County AR, where they settled not far from his mother and father. The family survived on subsistence farming, logging and sawmill work, and seasonal work in the cotton fields of Texas. They experienced fairly primitive living conditions. James William died of lung cancer in 1948 near Wickes AR, and was buried in Oak Grove Cemetery. The family had periods of plenty such as when James William was managing a sawmill operation. He was a lay minister of Lone Star Nazarene Church.

The Terry family American ancestors came from Ireland and before that England. Terry was one of the most common names on the continent of Europe since the days when it was used for family members of the Frankish Merovingian kings about 500 A.D. The name migrated to England during the Norman and Plantagenet period. The first American Terry, John, was born in Ireland, came to somewhere in PA, probably Greensburg, before marrying Emily Baker (daughter of a wealthy German family; surname anglicized from Becker) and moved on to Perry County AL about 1840. Their son George Washington Terry, and family, including wife Cynthia Ann Alabama Ratliff and daughter Laura Jane, moved from AL about 1900 to Whitehouse TX.

The Radcliffe and Warren families are descendants of Norman families who entered England as high-ranking participants in the Norman invasion in 1066, bearing the names of their native Norman estates, de Varenna and de Tailbois. De Tailbois was later replaced by the place name Radcliffe, "red cliff," which is descriptive of their long-time home in Lancaster, England. The de Warennes became one of the four or five most prominent tenants-in-chief in Norman England after William de Warenne married King William’s daughter Gundreda, and his son later married Isabel de Vermandois, granddaughter of the King of France. The family held estates in Normandy and the titles Earl of Warenne and Earl of Surrey. Through the Warren line, the Terrys descended from Edward III Plantagenet:

King of England Edward III Plantagenet (1312-1377) Windsor Berks; Philippa de Hainault (1311-1369) Valenciennes Hainault
Duke of York Edmund Plantagenet (1341-1402) Langley Hertford; Isabella de Castile (1355-1392) Morales Spain
4th Earl of Kent Edmund de Holland (1384-1408); Catherine Plantagenet (1374-1416) Langley Hertford
James Tuchet Baron Audley (1398-1459) Heleigh Stafford; Eleanor of Kent de Holland (1405-)
Sir Thomas Dutton (1421-1459) Dutton Chester; Anne of Audley Tuchet (1425-1503) Heleigh Stafford
Thomas Molyneaux (1445-1483) Sefton Lancaster; Anna Dutton (1448-1520) Dutton ChesterWilliam Molyneaux (1471-1548) Sefton Lancaster; Jane Rugge (1475-)
Richard Molyneaux (1510-1559) Sefton Lancaster; Eleanor Radcliffe (1512-1611)
John Warren (1535-1587) Poynton Chester; Margaret Molyneaux (1542-1617) Sefton Lancaster
Edward Warren (1563-1609) Poynton Chester; Susan Bothe (1575-) Stockport Chester
Thomas Warren (1604-1677) Poynton Chester; Susan Greenleaf (1601-)
John R. Warren (1640-1691) Surry Co VA; Rachel Sergent (1635-1706) Old Rappahannock Co VA
Thomas Warren (1668-1750) Spotsylvania Co VA; Mary Elizabeth Hackley (1686-1751) Spotsylvania VA
Hackley Warren (1723-1807) Spotsylvania Co VA; Sarah Shipp (1732-1800) Essex Co VA
Thomas Hackley Warren (1755-1830) Orange Co NC; Hannah Cothen (Cochran?) (1755-) TN
Charles Warren (1775-1830) Spartanburg SC; Millie Waters (1770-1836) Spartanburg SC
William Ratliff (1786-1840) Ansonia NC; Elizabeth Warren (1786-) Spartanburg SC
John Ratliff (1818-) Wilcox Co AL; Cynthia Ann Fowler (1820-) Perry Co AL
George Washington Terry (1850-1916) Perry Co AL; Cynthia Ann Alabama Ratliff (1850-) Perry Co AL
James William Jenkins (1887-1946) Blount Co AL; Laura Jane Terry (1888-1921) Perry Co AL

Nellie Estelle Jenkins
Born: July 27, 1911, Ponder TX
Father: James William Jenkins
Mother: Laura Jane Terry
Married to: Horace Cleveland Holcombe in Levelland TX in 1931
Children: Pauline Estelle, Barbara Anne, Troy Leon, Horace Truman.

Born at Ponder in Denton Co TX, Nellie spent her earliest years among Jenkins and Terry relatives near Tyler (Whitehouse and Swan) in Smith Co TX, and moved with her family to Cleburne TX for a year or two and then to Wickes, Polk Co. AR, about 1915. She grew up in a "frontier" rural setting, learned to fish and grow food, was taught to read and write, before ever attending school, by her mother Laura Jane, attended primary school at Grannis, AR only to sixth grade but was eventually well read. She knew about farming and harvesting, and accompanied family to work seasonally in cotton fields of NE and W Texas. She moved to Roxton, Lamar Co, TX following marriage to Horace Holcombe. Roxton was home until the mid 1950’s, but they lived for short periods of time NE of Paris near Medill. Later they lived in Roxton, Barstow, Tarzan, Stanton, Los Fresnos, and Paducah, TX. The family moved to Abilene TX in 1955. Nellie worked as a vocational nurse in Stanton TX and Abilene TX, became a licensed vocational nurse, retired in 1976 from Hendrick Memorial Hospital in Abilene, and moved to Cleburne TX, where she currently resides.

Horace Cleveland Holcombe
Born: 1889 Roxton TX
Died: 1956 Abilene TX buried Roxton TX
Father: Samuel Powell Holcombe
Mother: Lucretia Haynes
Married to: Nellie Estelle Jenkins (born 1911 in Ponder TX) in 1931
Children: Pauline (1933), Barbara (1935), Troy Leon (1940), Horace Truman (1945)
The Holcombe family migrated from Munford, Talladega County AL, arriving in Nashville AR in 1872, and later settling in Roxton TX in 1875. Joel Crawford Holcombe, grandfather of Horace, and other members of the extended family, stayed on in Nashville AR. Horace’s father Samuel Powell and family farmed 160 acres, SW of Roxton about a mile, and for a time they ran a grocery store in Roxton. Horace, ninth of eleven children, began teaching school in 1905 at the age of sixteen. He was a schoolteacher in Texas schools from 1905 to 1955, teaching, coaching, and being principal mostly in small schools, located in Bowie, Lamar, and Martin Counties, as well as Barstow, Los Fresnos, Paducah, and elsewhere. Horace received a B.S. degree in education with an English major from East Texas State Teachers College (now Texas A&M University, Commerce) in 1926. He joined the AEF during WW I, and went to France in 1917; his unit did railyard duty in Orleans. He visited Paris and the Eiffel Tower. He met and married Nellie Jenkins in 1931. He worked cotton on family farms, and speculated in cotton once or twice. He worked at aircraft assembly plants during WW II in Ypsilanti MI and Dallas TX. He retired in 1955, moved with his family to Abilene TX, and died there about a year later.

The first American Holcombe was William Andrew Holcombe, who arrived in VA in the late 1670s. His father may have helped arrange Virginia land grants following Royal Restoration, since as youngest son he could not inherit. He was educated and was apparently a physician. He was able to secure in Virginia a very large land grant, thanks to money and good connections. He lived in St. Stephens Parish (St. Stephens Church, King and Queen County) in 1672; was a leading parishioner of the St. Stephens Episcopal Church. Son Henry was born there in 1680. William Andrew ultimately founded a long-lived Virginia dynasty, receiving in 1705 a grant of 10,000 acres in Caroline County VA adjacent to Col. Augustine Warner's Plantation (Augustine Warner was an ancestor of George Washington).

The surname is derived from a place name common in England, especially in the south and west country. It is a hybrid word meaning hol (Old Saxon-valley, hollow), combe (Celtic cwm=glade, sheltered area). Along the south coast of Devon, combes are fertile, sheltered valleys which indent the otherwise elevated plateaulike exposed heights, or, in higher elevation areas, moors. There is a place named Holcombe within their ancestral lands in east Devon.

For 500 years the Holcombe’s primary family home was Hull Manor House near Branscombe, Devonshire. Over many generations they acquired most of the land along the south coast of Devon situated between Branscombe and Lyme Regis. The first identifiable ancestor was Symon, a Saxon bowman who held lands in east Devonshire but were lost in 1066 to the invading Normans. About 20 years later he was on the road to recovery. Some former Wessex crown lands which were confiscated by William the Conqueror were awarded to Symon, which included the site upon which the Hull manor house was built. Through successive marriages the Holcombes were descended from the early Courtenay and de Revieres Earls of Devon, and also from Edward I Plantagenet. The Devonshire lands Hull and Down Ralph were sold in 1600. Christopher Holcombe, who inherited Hull and Downe Ralph from his grandfather Ellis Holcombe, had already inherited an estate at Ashton in Cornwall through his mother, and he elected to stay on there when his grandfather died. Christopher’s son William, father of the Virginia William, grew up at Ashton, worked for awhile in Shropshire, married a Bush Estate heir in Pembroke, Wales, and late in his life was mayor of the town of Pembroke.

Horace Holcombe’s grandmother was Elizabeth Barron Stewart. Elizabeth’s first American ancestor was Catherine Montgomery, daughter of Sir Hugh Montgomery of Convoy House, Donegal, army officer, member of the Irish parliament, and cousin and compatriot of Hugh Montgomery, the second Earl of Mount Alexander and fourth Viscount Montgomery. Horace is a sixth cousin of Field-Marshal Bernard Law Viscount Montgomery, who also descended from the Convoy House Montgomerys:

Sir Hugh Montgomery (1657-1710) Fawny Tyrone; Jean Hamilton (1661-1716) Tyrone
Alexander Stuart (1675-1712) Scotland; Catherine Montgomery (1684-1760) Convoy House Donegal
Alexander Stuart (1706-) Londonderry Ireland; Unknown Colquhoun (1710-) Londonderry Ireland
Alexander Stewart (1744-1823) Londonderry Ireland; Elizabeth Barron (1756-1809) Antrim Ireland
Alexander Stewart (1779-1854) York District SC; Sarah Striplin (Stribling) (1786-1865) Rock Hill SC
Joel Crawford Holcombe (1817-1892) Cherokee Co GA; Elizabeth Barron Stewart (1815-1851) GA
Samuel Powell Holcombe (1850-1925) Munford AL; Cynthia Lucretia Haynes (1850-1910) Munford AL
Horace Cleveland Holcombe (1889-1956) Roxton TX; Nellie Estelle Jenkins (1911) Ponder TX

Sir Hugh Montgomery (1657-1710) Fawny, Tyrone, Ireland; Jean Hamilton (1661-1716) Tyrone
William Montgomery (1698-) Londonderry, Ireland; Anne Hamilton (1700-) Old Cumnock, Ayr, Scotlend
John Montgomery (1725-) Old Cumnock, Ayr, Scotland
Samuel Montgomery (1755-1803) Londonderry, Ireland; Ann Porter
Samuel Montgomery (1781-1832) Morville, Donegal, Ire; Susan Marie McClintock (1785-) Donegal, Ire
Robert Mont (1809-1887) New Movilla Pk, Don., Ire; Ellen Lambert (1824-) Woodmansterne, Surrey, Eng.
Henry Hutchinson Montgomery (1847-) Cawnpore, Uttar Pradesh, India; Maud Farrar (-) London, Eng.
Sir Bernard Law Viscount Montgomery (1887-1976) London, Eng.; Elizabeth Hobart (-1937) London

Catherine and her second husband Patrick Colquhoun first moved from Ulster to Pennsylvania with the two Stuart children (who changed their name from Stuart to Stewart) about 1738, then to Augusta County VA, and finally to upper South Carolina. They founded the Calhoun line, which includes former U. S. Vice President and Senator John C. Calhoun. Catherine Montgomery died at the hands of Cherokee Indians. She and others stayed with the wagons when overtaken by the Indian raiders, giving younger family members the chance to flee.

Elizabeth Barron Stewart’s husband Joel Crawford Holcombe and six of seven sons saw service in the Civil War on the Confederate side. But Elizabeth had died earlier, in 1850. Only Joel Crawford, who was wounded and eventually lost his leg, and three sons returned home. One son, Hiram, died in the siege of Vicksburg. Another, Andrew Thomas, had been given up for dead but one day showed up at home after the wars end following his release from prison camp in Indiana. Horace’s dad Samuel Powell Holcombe was the youngest son, too young to go off to war.
Site built by Luther Butler, Grandson of Reuben T. Jenkins, and Son of Melindia Ann JenkinsButler http://lutherbutler.tripod.com/ If there are questions or comments about this site, E-mail lbutler@erath.net and I will try to find out the answer from my Cousin, Troy L. Holcombe, whose skill at researching brought this information together. http://a.xcounters.com/?
Copied from Durango Herald (This is an account of the snow storm that caused the death of Reuben Theophilus Jenkins who was on his way to Durango to stay with his daughters Melinda and Mary Butler.)
April 3, 2005
Spring's arrival doesn't signal an end to snow and its hazards
Talking about the weather
by Ilana Stern
Spring may be officially here, but sometimes it seems like the weather around here pays very little attention to the calendar. Clear, warm days frequently alternate with soggy snowstorms during April, when small changes in the atmospheric pressure gradients determine whether we get dry continental air or moist ocean air.
The snowiest April on record is that of 1920, when 18 inches fell during the month. Thirteen inches of that was from a single snowstorm that hit Durango over April 17-19 and devastated not only the San Juan Basin but the entire Rocky Mountain West. Wyoming, Colorado, western Nebraska and Kansas were swept by the worst blizzard the region had seen in many years. Losses to cattle owners statewide were estimated at tens of thousands of dollars - a lot of money at that time.
The Durango Democrat wrote that trains throughout Colorado were "annulled or almost paralyzed," and that "wire communication is practically stopped over the state." The mail trains running south via Chama were unable to run; the Silverton line stayed open, but one passenger reported that it was "the worst day he had ever seen."
At least one death was caused by the storm in the Durango area. It occurred in such a gruesome way that it made the news in gory detail. Austin Carigan, a miner, died "after a fashion that would seem to the easterner who has never faced a western blizzard grotesque and impossible," according to the Democrat . It seems that he left his house at 10 a.m.,
during the snowstorm, to get a bucket of water. When he returned to his front door and handed the bucket to his wife, his hat blew off, and he went chasing after it. When he finally retrieved it, he was some distance away, and when he turned to retrace his steps the wind was blowing so hard that he was unable to make progress against it. Eventually he was overcome by exhaustion and the bitter cold.
So be prepared for whatever April brings - and hold on to your hat!
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